Die Themen der Sendung sind unter anderem `die seit bestehende Partnerschaft des Landes Schleswig-Holstein mit Kaliningrad', `das kulinarische Abenteuer in Norwegen' und `die modernste Müllverbrennungsanlage Copenhill in Kopenhagen'. Sommerhighlights in Skandinavien - Unterwegs auf der legendären Hurtigrute, entlang der norwegischen Westküste zwischen Trondheim und Tromsö. Auch Kristin Recke reist im Hochsommer für den Ostseereport auf die Kosterinseln. Weitere Themen: * Schweden, Insel Käringön * Trendsport in Finnland.
NDR OSTSEEREPORT, ÖRESUNDBRÜCKESommerhighlights in Skandinavien - Unterwegs auf der legendären Hurtigrute, entlang der norwegischen Westküste zwischen Trondheim und Tromsö. Ostseereport. | Uhr. Ein Best-of spannender Ostseereportagen der vergangenen Jahre. Ein Thema unter anderem: Die Robben-Jäger von. NDR OSTSEEREPORT, ÖRESUNDBRÜCKE. Bo Christiansen was interviewed for the NDR's Ostseereport "Öresundbrücke".
Ostseereport NDR Ostsee Report VideoUnvergessliche Ferien? HochSee!!! Ostseeresort Olpenitz Doku-Tipps Lannister Kultur Tiere Gesundheit Umwelt und Natur Reisen Eisenbahn Wissenschaft Wissensmagazine Alle Dokumentationen Dokuatlas. Navy CIS: Apple Watch 5 Funktionen Orleans. Das Sommerhaus der Stars. Serien-Tipps Serien von A bis Z Soaps und Telenovelas Dokusoaps. Ostseereport. | Uhr. Ein Best-of spannender Ostseereportagen der vergangenen Jahre. Ein Thema unter anderem: Die Robben-Jäger von. Die Themen der Sendung sind unter anderem `die seit bestehende Partnerschaft des Landes Schleswig-Holstein mit Kaliningrad', `das kulinarische Abenteuer in Norwegen' und `die modernste Müllverbrennungsanlage Copenhill in Kopenhagen'. In der Rückschau finden Sie Texte, Bilder und ausgewählte Videos der vergangenen Sendungen in chronologischer Reihenfolge. Videos zu Ostseereport | Die Ostsee, ihre angrenzenden Länder und deren Bewohner sind Themen des Ostseereports. Udo Biss und Kristin Recke berichten. Ostseereport Der Ostseereport bietet Berichte und Reportagen aus den Staaten rund um die Ostsee. (NDR) Deutsch. gxfanclub.com Series ID ;. Lecturer Campus Berlin. B.A. Political Science B.A. German Language and Literature Studies. Teaching Assignments. 10/14 – pres. Lecturer for Journalism at Hochschule für Medien Kommunikation. # ostseereport stays at home! # riga # # göteborg # # # lübe ckerbucht # 💙 Für mich ist die # Ostsee zwar nicht überall gleich, aber überall besonders!. #ostseereport stays at home! #riga # #göteborg # # #lübeckerbucht # Für mich ist die #Ostsee zwar nicht überall gleich, aber überall besonders! Zuhause zu bleiben, war #corona Pflicht. Administration. The Helsinki Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area includes the Baltic Sea and the Kattegat, without calling Kattegat a part of the Baltic Sea, "For the purposes of this Convention the 'Baltic Sea Area' shall be the Baltic Sea and the Entrance to the Baltic Sea, bounded by the parallel of the Skaw in the Skagerrak at 57°'N.".
Eine ffentliche Wiedergabe Stars Sex Tape nmlich grundstzlich Ostseereport dem Rechteinhaber des Ostseereport Films bzw. - Auch interessant …CSI: Den Tätern auf der Spur.
The remainder of the Baltic does not freeze during a normal winter, except sheltered bays and shallow lagoons such as the Curonian Lagoon.
The thickness decreases farther south. Freezing begins in the northern extremities of the Gulf of Bothnia typically in the middle of November, reaching the open waters of the Bothnian Bay in early January.
The Bothnian Sea , the basin south of Kvarken , freezes on average in late February. The Gulf of Finland and the Gulf of Riga freeze typically in late January.
In , the Gulf of Finland was completely frozen on 15 February. The ice extent depends on whether the winter is mild, moderate, or severe.
In severe winters ice can form around southern Sweden and even in the Danish straits. According to the 18th-century natural historian William Derham , during the severe winters of and , the ice cover reached as far as the Danish straits.
This description meant that the whole of the Baltic Sea was covered with ice. Since , the Baltic Sea has frozen over entirely 20 times, most recently in early , which was the most severe winter in Scandinavia since This was brought about by a stagnant high-pressure area that lingered over central and northern Scandinavia from around 10 to 24 February.
After this, strong southern winds pushed the ice further into the north, and much of the waters north of Gotland were again free of ice, which had then packed against the shores of southern Finland.
In recent years before , the Bothnian Bay and the Bothnian Sea were frozen with solid ice near the Baltic coast and dense floating ice far from it.
In , almost no ice formed except for a short period in March. During winter, fast ice , which is attached to the shoreline, develops first, rendering ports unusable without the services of icebreakers.
Level ice , ice sludge , pancake ice , and rafter ice form in the more open regions. Offshore of the landfast ice, the ice remains very dynamic all year, and it is relatively easily moved around by winds and therefore forms pack ice , made up of large piles and ridges pushed against the landfast ice and shores.
In spring, the Gulf of Finland and the Gulf of Bothnia normally thaw in late April, with some ice ridges persisting until May in the eastern extremities of the Gulf of Finland.
In the northernmost reaches of the Bothnian Bay, ice usually stays until late May; by early June it is practically always gone.
However, in the famine year of remnants of ice were observed as late as 17 July near Uddskär. Drift ice was also observed on 11 May The ice cover is the main habitat for two large mammals, the grey seal Halichoerus grypus and the Baltic ringed seal Pusa hispida botnica , both of which feed underneath the ice and breed on its surface.
Of these two seals, only the Baltic ringed seal suffers when there is not adequate ice in the Baltic Sea, as it feeds its young only while on ice.
The grey seal is adapted to reproducing also with no ice in the sea. The sea ice also harbors several species of algae that live in the bottom and inside unfrozen brine pockets in the ice.
Due to the often fluctuating winter temperatures between above and below freezing, the saltwater ice of the Baltic Sea can be treacherous and hazardous to walk on, in particular in comparison to the more stable fresh water-ice sheets in the interior lakes.
The Baltic Sea flows out through the Danish straits ; however, the flow is complex. The general circulation is anti-clockwise: northwards along its eastern boundary, and south along with the western one.
The difference between the outflow and the inflow comes entirely from fresh water. They include the major rivers of north Europe, such as the Oder , the Vistula , the Neman , the Daugava and the Neva.
Additional fresh water comes from the difference of precipitation less evaporation, which is positive. An important source of salty water is infrequent inflows of North Sea water into the Baltic.
Such inflows are important to the Baltic ecosystem because of the oxygen they transport into the Baltic deeps, used to happen regularly until the s.
In recent decades they have become less frequent. The latest four occurred in , , , and suggesting a new inter-inflow period of about ten years.
The water level is generally far more dependent on the regional wind situation than on tidal effects. However, tidal currents occur in narrow passages in the western parts of the Baltic Sea.
The significant wave height is generally much lower than that of the North Sea. Quite violent, sudden storms sweep the surface ten or more times a year, due to large transient temperature differences and a long reach of the wind.
Seasonal winds also cause small changes in sea level, of the order of 0. The Baltic Sea is the world's largest inland brackish sea.
The Caspian Sea is larger in water volume, but—despite its name—it is a lake rather than a sea. The Baltic Sea's salinity is much lower than that of ocean water which averages 3.
The open surface waters of the Baltic Sea "proper" generally have a salinity of 0. The flow of freshwater into the sea from approximately two hundred rivers and the introduction of salt from the southwest builds up a gradient of salinity in the Baltic Sea.
The highest surface salinities, generally 0. It gradually falls further east and north, reaching the lowest in the Bothnian Bay at around 0.
As saltwater is denser than freshwater, the bottom of the Baltic Sea is saltier than the surface. This creates a vertical stratification of the water column, a halocline , that represents a barrier to the exchange of oxygen and nutrients, and fosters completely separate maritime environments.
Overall it follows the same southwest to east and north pattern as the surface. In contrast, the salinity of the Danish straits , which connect the Baltic Sea and Kattegat, tends to be significantly higher, but with major variations from year to year.
For example, the surface and bottom salinity in the Great Belt is typically around 2. From to inflows occurred on average six to seven times per decade.
Since it has been much less frequent, although a very large inflow occurred in The rating of mean discharges differs from the ranking of hydrological lengths from the most distant source to the sea and the rating of the nominal lengths.
Göta älv , a tributary of the Kattegat , is not listed, as due to the northward upper low-salinity-flow in the sea, its water hardly reaches the Baltic proper:.
Countries lands in the outer drainage basin :. The Baltic Sea drainage basin is roughly four times the surface area of the sea itself. Most of the latter are in the Gulfs of Bothnia and Finland.
The rest of the land is heavily populated. The Baltic Sea somewhat resembles a riverbed , with two tributaries, the Gulf of Finland and Gulf of Bothnia.
Geological surveys show that before the Pleistocene , instead of the Baltic Sea, there was a wide plain around a great river that paleontologists call the Eridanos.
Several Pleistocene glacial episodes scooped out the river bed into the sea basin. Instead of a true sea, the Baltic can even today also be understood as the common estuary of all rivers flowing into it.
From that time the waters underwent a geologic history summarized under the names listed below. Many of the stages are named after marine animals e.
The factors that determined the sea's characteristics were the submergence or emergence of the region due to the weight of ice and subsequent isostatic readjustment, and the connecting channels it found to the North Sea - Atlantic , either through the straits of Denmark or at what are now the large lakes of Sweden , and the White Sea - Arctic Sea.
The land is still emerging isostatically from its depressed state, which was caused by the weight of ice during the last glaciation.
The phenomenon is known as post-glacial rebound. Consequently, the surface area and the depth of the sea are diminishing. The uplift is about eight millimeters per year on the Finnish coast of the northernmost Gulf of Bothnia.
In the area, the former seabed is only gently sloping, leading to large areas of land being reclaimed in what are, geologically speaking, relatively short periods decades and centuries.
The "Baltic Sea anomaly" refers to interpretations of an indistinct sonar image taken by Swedish salvage divers on the floor of the northern Baltic Sea in June The treasure hunters suggested the image showed an object with unusual features of seemingly extraordinary origin.
Speculation published in tabloid newspapers claimed that the object was a sunken UFO. A consensus of experts and scientists say that the image most likely shows a natural geological formation.
The fauna of the Baltic Sea is a mixture of marine and freshwater species. Among marine fishes are Atlantic cod , Atlantic herring , European hake , European plaice , European flounder , shorthorn sculpin and turbot , and examples of freshwater species include European perch , northern pike , whitefish and common roach.
Freshwater species may occur at outflows of rivers or streams in all coastal sections of the Baltic Sea. Otherwise marine species dominate in most sections of the Baltic, at least as far north as Gävle , where less than one-tenth are freshwater species.
Further north the pattern is inverted. In the Bothnian Bay, roughly two-thirds of the species are freshwater. In the far north of this bay, saltwater species are almost entirely absent.
Their range limit is west of Bornholm, meaning that they are absent from the vast majority of the Baltic Sea. There is a decrease in species richness from the Danish belts to the Gulf of Bothnia.
The decreasing salinity along this path causes restrictions in both physiology and habitats. However, even the most diverse sections of the Baltic Sea have far fewer species than the almost-full saltwater Kattegat, which is home to more than species from these groups.
Since the Baltic Sea is so young there are only two or three known endemic species: the brown alga Fucus radicans and the flounder Platichthys solemdali.
Both appear to have evolved in the Baltic basin and were only recognized as species in and respectively, having formerly been confused with more widespread relatives.
A peculiar feature of the fauna is that it contains a number of glacial relict species , isolated populations of arctic species which have remained in the Baltic Sea since the last glaciation , such as the large isopod Saduria entomon , the Baltic subspecies of ringed seal , and the fourhorn sculpin.
Some of these relicts are derived from glacial lakes , such as Monoporeia affinis , which is a main element in the benthic fauna of the low-salinity Bothnian Bay.
Cetaceans in Baltic Sea have been monitored by the ASCOBANS. Critically endangered populations of Atlantic white-sided dolphins and harbor porpoises inhabit the sea where white-colored porpoises have been recorded,  and occasionally oceanic and out-of-range species such as minke whales ,  bottlenose dolphins ,  beluga whales ,  orcas ,  and beaked whales  visit the waters.
In recent years, very small, but with increasing rates, fin whales     and humpback whales migrate into Baltic sea including mother and calf pair.
Other notable megafauna include the basking sharks. The area of the bloom extended from Germany and Poland to Finland. Researchers of the phenomenon have indicated that algal blooms have occurred every summer for decades.
Fertilizer runoff from surrounding agricultural land has exacerbated the problem and led to increased eutrophication.
The more saline and therefore denser water remains on the bottom, isolating it from surface waters and the atmosphere. This leads to decreased oxygen concentrations within the zone.
It is mainly bacteria that grow in it, digesting organic material and releasing hydrogen sulfide. Because of this large anaerobic zone, the seafloor ecology differs from that of the neighboring Atlantic.
Plans to artificially oxygenate areas of the Baltic that have experienced eutrophication have been proposed by the University of Gothenburg and Inocean AB.
The proposal intends to use wind-driven pumps to inject oxygen air into waters at, or around, m below sea level.
After World War II , Germany had to be disarmed and large quantities of ammunition stockpiles were disposed directly into the Baltic Sea and the North Sea.
Environmental experts and marine biologists warn that these ammunition dumps pose a major environmental threat with potentially life-threatening consequences to the health and safety of humans on the coastlines of these seas.
The Baltic Sea is the main trade route for the export of Russian petroleum. Many of the countries neighboring the Baltic Sea have been concerned about this since a major oil leak in a seagoing tanker would be disastrous for the Baltic—given the slow exchange of water.
The tourism industry surrounding the Baltic Sea is naturally concerned about oil pollution. Much shipbuilding is carried out in the shipyards around the Baltic Sea.
There are several cargo and passenger ferries that operate on the Baltic Sea, such as Scandlines , Silja Line , Polferries , the Viking Line , Tallink , and Superfast Ferries.
For the first time ever, all the sources of pollution around an entire sea were made subject to a single convention, signed in by the then seven Baltic coastal states.
The Convention entered into force on 3 May In the light of political changes and developments in international environmental and maritime law, a new convention was signed in by all the states bordering on the Baltic Sea, and the European Community.
After ratification, the Convention entered into force on 17 January The Convention covers the whole of the Baltic Sea area, including inland waters and the water of the sea itself, as well as the seabed.
Measures are also taken in the whole catchment area of the Baltic Sea to reduce land-based pollution. The convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, , entered into force on 17 January The governing body of the convention is the Helsinki Commission ,  also known as HELCOM, or Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission.
The present contracting parties are Denmark, Estonia, the European Community, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, and Sweden.
The ratification instruments were deposited by the European Community, Germany, Latvia and Sweden in , by Estonia and Finland in , by Denmark in , by Lithuania in , and by Poland and Russia in November From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from Ostsee. Sea in Northern Europe. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. See also: List of rivers of the Baltic Sea. Main article: List of islands in the Baltic Sea.
Main article: List of cities and towns around the Baltic Sea. Main article: Geology of the Baltic Sea. Ancylus Lake around years BP. The relic of Scandinavian Glacier in white.
The rivers Svea älv Svea river and Göta älv formed an outlet to the Atlantic. Much of modern Finland is former seabed or archipelago: illustrated are sea levels immediately after the last ice age.
Main article: Baltic Sea anomaly. See also: List of fish in Sweden. Further information: Baltic Sea hypoxia.
See also: Baltic Sea cruiseferries and Ports of the Baltic Sea. Main article: Helsinki Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area.
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